scroll to top
Stuck on your essay?
Get ideas from this essay and see how your work stacks up
Word Count: 629
A central argument in contemporary literary criticism remains to be the role of the author Many theories approach a text with the intention of completely disregarding the author and solely analyzing the text as it exists However there are other theories which see the author as an element of larger consquence The contribution of the individual to the meaning of a text may alter the affect entirely as Each individual is different each possesses a unique subjectivity yet also paradoxically each shares a common human nature rice and waugh 123 Subjectivity or the personality added by the author to a work is discussed by Julia Kristeva in the piece A Question of Subjectivity In this interview Kristeva approaches the issue of the subject with respect to psychoanalysis In her study Kristeva links psychosis to literature throught various channels such as the limits of language the maternal body and the relationship between suffering and creativity Each of these links can be applied to the sonnets written by Shakespeare thereby providing insight into the author and the textThe relationship between psychoanalyisis of the subject and literature may not be one that is obvious to most people Kristeva explains that literature exists at the limits of language the moments where language breaks up in phychosis Therefore the interpretation of ones speech presupposes that you apply yourself to the meaning of what they say The thoughts of the author then become crucial to the understanding of the text Discussing the thoughts of the author leads to the process defined by Kristeva as an instability of the identities of linguistic signs meaning and the speaker In Shakespeares sonnet 147 one recognizes his instability as he wavers around sanity and maddnessAnd frantic mad with evermore unrestMy thoughts and my discourse as madmens areAs random from truth vainly expressedHe relates his thoughts and language discourse to reflect his state of mind and by doing so illustrates the role of his own
@Kibin is a lifesaver for my essay right now!!
- Sandra Slivka, student @ UC Berkeley
Wow, this is the best essay help I've ever received!
- Camvu Pham, student @ U of M
If I'd known about @Kibin in college, I would have gotten much more sleep
- Jen Soust, alumni @ UCLA