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Topic Report - The Terror In the years 1793 - 1794 a vital stage of the French revolution known as the Terror took place The committee of public safety CPS was set up on April 6th 1793 to preserve the reforms of the French revolution due to the opposition of the new revolutionary government Its membership took final form on September 6th Among its twelve members were Bertrande Barere de Vieuzac Lazare Carnot Georges Couthon MJ Herault de Sechelles Maximilien Robespierre and Louis de Saint-Just and the Herbertists JN Billaud-Varenne and JN Collot dHerbois Their aim was to eliminate all internal counterrevolutionary elements to raise new armies and to ensure food supplies for the armies and the cities This was essential for the support of the people of Paris who demanded these measures Robespierre was to become the dominant member of the CPS He was seen as a translator of Rousseau an important writer of the enlightenment taking the philosophers ideas on equality and civil government and making them public policy Yet Robespierres political behaviour was far from democratic and was beheaded himself on July 28th 1794 marking the end of the Terror The Terror as a form of government meant the organized use of state power to ensure compliance with the demands of the government Those who did not comply faced a revolutionary tribunal which tried suspects for treason and sentenced those it convicted to the guillotine These suspects included foreign and domestic enemies The Terror was also used to enforce wage and price maximums that guaranteed affordable provisions as well as its more imprecise aims such as ensuring the virtue of all citizens which allowed the CPS to repress all dissent from its own decrees From September 1793 through to July 1794 the revolutionary government of the Terror overwhelmed its enemies and permeated nearly all aspects of life Yet its very success was a major part of
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