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Explain the degree to which the years 1925-9 were a time of economic and political stability for the Weimar Republic The Weimar Republic was set up in Germany at the end of the First World War It was a dramatic transformation from the highly undemocratic authoritarian Kaiser Reich of the war and pre war years It was made up of an extremely democratic voting system universal suffrage for the over 21s and had a very proportionately representative Reichstag With hindsight we know that the system collapsed and gave way to Hitlers dictatorship in 1933 But it also inherited a broken divided and demoralised Germany after WWI and seemed to at least partially restore it to success It is therefore arguable how weak or stable Weimar was At the end of the Great War Germany had lost much territory it had lost 13 of its productivity 24 of its coal and 74 of its iron ore It was paying 66 billion in reparations under the Treaty of Versailles On top of this Germany had 600000 war widows and 12 million orphans the government were spending 13 of its disposable funds on pensions The hyperinflation of 1923and the subsequent re-establishment of the currency had brought great misery amongst most Germans especially the middle classes who had lost their entire life savings Recalling the economic mess Germany was in when Weimar was established it seems a phenomenal regeneration had occurred Helped by the Dawes Plan of 1924 - affordable reparations instalments and foreign investment Germany started to become more economically stable Unemployment fell rapidly and there were good conditions for the poor a generous unemployment benefit and a good wage rise for workers German industry became more and more profitable In fact by 1927 the Gross National Productivity of Germany exceeded that of the whole German empire in 1913 AJ Nicholls argues that the damaging effects of the Treaty of Versailles can be
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