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In order to get a better understanding of Narratives and Structures of stories we can look and apply theories that will help us There are 4 theorists that we mainly look at Todorov Barthes Propp and Levi-Strauss that have made up theories for Myths and Folktales Todorov believes that all stories begin with what he called Equilibrium or balance between opposing forces This is disrupted by some event setting in train a series of events to close with a second but different equilibrium Barthes has made up 2 different codes that can be applied The Enigma Code and The Action Code The Enigma Code which sets up little puzzles to be solved And the Action Code that is to be read by means of accumulated details looks significant words etc These often relate to stereotypical models such as falling in Love Propp believes that the spheres of action in a story could be reduced to 8 character roles The Villain The Hero The Donor The Helper The Princess The Princess Father The Dispatcher and the False Hero Levi-Strauss used the term Binary Oppositions to describe a conflict between two qualities For example if we apply it to a western genre we have to Home Steaders or Cowboys Vs The Natives or Indians These theories can be applied to many Mythical films and Texts such as Spiderman Braveheart Shrek and even the well-known sci-fi Star Wars We can apply Todorovs theory to the beginning of Star Wars we find out through text on the screen that there has been an event which has disrupted the peace between 2 opposing forces Firstly there was equilibrium but an event occurred leading to some plans had been stolen and Darth Vader planning an attack on the empire to pull Princess Lea out of power This leads
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