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This essay analyses the ways that the law is a gendered institution and how legal judgements reflect the gendered nature of the institution First I will examine the nature of law Second I will examine feminists perspectives of law in areas such as contracts torts lands criminal and family laws Third I will show that judges are gender-bias in the legal system by examining into several law cases Then I will discuss how judges translate their everyday activities into verdicts Finally I will discuss the ways to achieve equality for women in law Feminists argue that there is no possible space in law for women Carol Smart 1989 as quoted in Bottomley 1996 1 As Catharine MacKinnon 1983 quoted in Graycar 1995 267 argues that feminist jurisprudence is centrally concerned with the male norms that have been so central to legal reasoning and with the epistemological standpoint from which law operates Today women still do not play more than a token part in jury duty According to Leo Kanowitz 1969 quoted in Lefcourt 1971 107 Fifteen states allow exemptions to women on the basis of their sex alone while twelve more allow exceptions to women for reasons not available to men such as child care problems or lack of ladies rooms in the courthouse Women are totally excluded from the practice of law as lawyers and the whole legal apparatus as judges jurors and litigants until the present century Lefcourt 1971 106 This indicates that the role of judging is gendered and implicitly male Next I will prove that law is phallogocentric male norm by looking at several cases in the following paragraphs Bottomley 1996 5 notes that feminist legal theory has approached the law of contracts in terms of a great polarity between the market and the family Contract and the market are seen as coextensive However the market sphere is also male in its monopoly According to Lefcourt 1971
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