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Some Ways to Critique a Worldview When analyzing someones worldview that persons overall philosophical perspective on reality there are a number of errors which you should look out for These errors represent the different ways in which ones worldview can be exposed as being philosophically inadequate They are by no means exhaustive of all the different ways in which a given worldview can be critiqued but they represent some basic strategies which I personally find to be helpful We will also apply the general insights gained from the analysis of such errors to particular statements which are often uttered by proponents of a non-Christian worldview 1 Self-referential incoherence or self-refutation Whenever you are listening to someone argue for a position ask yourself Is that statement or position self-referentially incoherent or self-refuting A given worldview is definitely inadequate when its central tenet is self-referentially incoherent Let me explain what this means Statements or propositions have a subject matter they refer to things either actual or not or are about them The proposition There are trees outside my window refer to trees outside my window This proposition does not refer to itself but to something other than itself Call this the referential character of propositions However there are propositions which refer to themselves they are included in their own field of reference For example This is an English sentence refers to itself and claims that it is in English Whenever a proposition refers to itself it is said to be self-referential A proposition is said to be incoherent when it is not logically consistent or coherent An incoherent proposition is false and necessarily so Now we are in a position to understand what a self-referentially incoherent proposition is A self-referentially incoherent proposition is a proposition which includes itself in its own field of reference and fails to be consistent with itself Such a proposition is said to be self-refuting
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