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Tourism Economic Development planning At the end of the 20th century global tourism activity has been estimated to be worth US 35 trillion Sharpley et al 2002 As the figure shows tourism has had a major impact on the world economy consequently it has been adopted by many third world countries striving for development This idea that tourism is good for the economy has increased the interest in developing planning government regulations and policies on tourism For this essay I will look at tourism planning and development in Indonesia and in greater context the Island of Bali I will try to use theories to discuss the way tourism is planned and to see who is actually benefiting from tourism in developing countries In studying the wide ramifications tourism planning has on the areas and people concerned it is feasible to analyse its developments to see to what extent tourism has affected the local population I believe it is important to define the notion of development I will use the definition from The World Development Report 1991 which defines development as Sustainable increase in living standards that encompass material consumption education health and environmental protectionmore equality of opportunity political freedom and civil liberties The overall goal of development is therefore to increase the economic political and civil rights of all people across gender ethnic groups religions races regions and countries World Development Report 199131 In short it could be said definitions of development today includes a wider range of social and environmental criteria as well as economic Tourism in Indonesia Tourism has become one of the leading sectors in Indonesia the sector has contributed to the local economy in many regions through the expenditure of its national domestic and international tourists International arrivals in 2001 totalled 5153620 which were near 2 increase from the previous year The total expenditure during that year from international tourist was US57 billion
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