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Appreciation of Music Notes Pitch highs and lows of the sound Octave 21 ratio of vibrations Western music divides in 12 pitches Distance between notes intervals Scales Chromatic 12 MajorMinor 7 Melody 1 note Harmony 2 or more notes Pitch notation five line staff round note heads first 7 letters of alphabet sharps and flats Duration length of sound in time Beat steady regular pulse Subdivision of beat shorter rhythems within beat Accent added to notes Synocopation accents that arent expected Tempo speed of beat italian Rhythmic notation note head stem flag beam Dynamics volume Notations of dynamics Gradual dynamic changes Timbre quality of sound tone color Overtones series ears fooled think only one pitch Actually hearing many different instraments Bring out different over tones in terms of volume Style period historical periods with similar compositional traits Prehistoric circa around 500 BCE functional music voice and percussion first instraments Ancient 500BCE-450 CE rise of ancient greek city states athens Functional used at weddings funerals religious ceremonies Religious CeremoniesL 9 goddesses Muses- origin of music Cult of Apollo string instrament origin of lyre Cult of Dionesis wind instrament aulos Pathagerous discovers perfect ratio octave Music of spheres musicmath Doctrine of Ethos- bravery fear etc Scales- octave divided into 7 notes called modes Ionian Lydian Aeolian etc Melodic Texture monophonic - one thing happening Homophonic- more than one thing happening Middle Ages 450-1425 CE Called medieval ages dark ages Concept of form originated How to graph it ASacred music catholic church professional Composersmusicians monks priests A cappella voice only instraments were devils music Plainchant Gregorian chant- codified by Pope Greg 1 600 Sacred text a cappella Mediveal modes old greek modes monophonic texture Hildegard of Bingen Nun composer romantic chant Thoughroughly Composed continually new music Perotin Priest notre dame greatest four part 1160-1220 organum could singe same thing but different pitches Polophony two or more main melodies at same time Secular music Aristocracy court musicians first
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