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Word Count: 2,444
1 First Euthyphro suggests that holiness is persecuting religious offenders Socrates finds this definition unsatisfying since there are many holy deeds aside from that of persecuting offenders He asks Euthyphro instead to give him a general definition that identifies that one feature that all holy deeds share in common Euthyphro suggests that what is holy is what is agreeable to the gods in response to which Socrates points out that the gods often quarrel so what is agreeable to one might not be agreeable to all Euthyphros most important attempt to define holiness comes with his suggestion that what is holy is what is approved of by all the gods Socrates sets up a rather elaborate argument to show that the two cannot be equivalent The gods approve of what is holy because it is holy so what is holy determines what the gods approve of And what the gods approve of in turn determines what the gods approve of It follows from this reasoning that what is holy cannot be the same thing as what is approved of by the gods since one of these two determines what gets approved of by the gods and the other is determined by what gets approved of by the gods Euthyphro is next led to suggest that holiness is a kind of justice specifically that kind which is concerned with looking after the gods Socrates wonders what Euthyphro means by looking after the gods Surely the gods are omnipotent and dont need us to look after them or help them in any way Euthyphros final suggestion is that holiness is a kind of trading with the gods where we give them sacrifices and they grant our prayers Our sacrifices do not help them in any way but simply gratify them But Socrates points out to say that holiness is gratifying the gods is similar to saying that holiness is what the gods approve of which
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