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The Lenni-Lenape were organized into three subtribes the people who lived near the ocean Each subtribe had a sub-chief sakima and the Lenni-Lenape usually considered the Unami sakimi to be chief of all subtribes From the map you can see where the trails were that they used to move between their villages and their summer residences Many of the trails would became the early highway system for the Europeans Contact with the whites was sporadic until the early 1600s The Dutch traders had no respect for the native population and treated them with contempt even looking upon them as possible slaves Their attitude however did not prevent them from engaging in trading rum and guns for pelts and furs The worst event in relations was the slaughter at Pavonia on February 25 1643 The director-general of New Netherlands ordered an assault on a large group of Indians encamped at Pavonia to wipe their chops and drive away and destroy the savages at the end he added spare as much as it is possible their wives and children The soldiers forgot to spare the women children It was a horrible massacre Eleven tribes of the Iroquois nation banded together in retaliation Retaliation took place from the Raritan River to the Connecticut River A truce was finally secured in 1645 Ten years later another war was set off when a Dutchman killed an Indian girl who was in one of his trees getting a pear Three days of raging attack ensued including death burning of settlements and kidnapping The captives were ransomed The lead and powder received as part of the ransom put the Dutch in a helpless position if war were to break out again In 1664 England took over from the Dutch and brought their own twist to the relationship Their was considerably less hostility but the English brought their ideas of land ownership It must have
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