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Question 1 When atmospheric scientists describe the weather at a particular time and place or the climate of a particular region they describe the same sort of characteristics air temperature type and amount of cloudiness type and amount of precipitation air pressure and wind speed and direction Weather is the current atmospheric conditions that include temperature rainfall wind and humidity at any given place If you stand outside you can tell how hot it is by taking a temperature reading or feel if it is raining or windy sunny or cloudy All of these factors make up what we think of as weather Weather is what is happening right now or likely to happen tomorrow or in the very near future Climate on the other hand is the general weather conditions For example in the winter we expect it to often be rainy in Portland Oregon sunny and mild in Phoenix Arizona and very cold and snowy in Buffalo New York But it would not be particularly startling to hear of an occasional January day with mild temperatures in Buffalo rain in Phoenix or snow in Portland Meteorologists often point out that climate is what you expect and weather is what you get Climate is sometimes referred to as average weather for a given area The National Weather Service uses values such as temperature highs and lows and precipitation measures for the past thirty years to compile average weather for any given area However some atmospheric scientists consider average weather to be an inadequate definition To more accurately portray the climatic character of an area variations patterns and extremes must also be included Thus climate is the sum of all statistical weather information that helps describe a place or region Climate can be applied more generally to large-scale weather patterns in time or space for example an Ice Age climate or a tropical climate To investigate how climate may be changing due to human
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