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Word Count: 3,393
Since the mid-1950s Afghanistan maintained good relations with the USSR The Pakistan a neighbor and rival was an ally of the United States The coup of 1973 overthrew the monarchy Soon the new regime very authoritarian distances himself from the USSR In April 1978 a military coup brings a left wings regime the Communist Peoples Democratic Party of Afghanistan PDPA to power Nur Mohammad Taraki the Saur Revolution leader looked for the support of Moscow Moscow send advisers to advance socialism However the socialist land reform had been perceived as threat to Islamic authority and Islamic traditions Resistance against a socialist secular state was growing inside the country On December 24th 1979 the situation turns into a civil war Soviet troops enter Kabul restore order and bear the Communist Brarak Karmal as head of stateOn the American side US security adviser Brzezinski seeks the help of General Mohammad Zia ul-Haq Pakistan military ruler Pakistan always had an interest in Afghanistan Pakistan wanted a strong a friendly Islamic leader Earlier the congress cut US military aid to Pakistanbecause the general had a bad human rights record and he was developing a nuclear bomb But now the Americans were willing to set a side these displeasures In this context the Americans decided to ignore the bad human rights record of the general in the name of containment Brzezinski flew to Pakistan to set a resistance he wanted to arm the Mujahideen without prevailing American role In fact the United-States rather liked to be ally with Islamic extremist than let USSR expandIn other worlds containment policy require the set aside the secular American ideology when it is military necessary In fact during the USSR invasion of Afghanistan the containment was interpreted only military neglecting its ideological aspects The meaning of containment was way different from what it was in the long telegram Containment had a different meaning because the leaders the world dynamics and domestic politics had changedTo
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