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Processes by which new words come into a language Language is like a living organism that is they can groweg English and they can dieeg Latin English is probably one of the more successful languages at growing You can probably travel to any country in the world and run into someone who knows a few words of English We might ask the question how does a language grow Well one way is adding new words New words can enter a language in a number of ways In the remainder of this question I will discuss four ways in which it enters the English language Borrowing Borrowing means just what it says words are borrowed from other languages Borrowed words can be of two types direct and indirect Direct words are words that are native to the language from which they are borrowed Fromkin 2000 An example is the word moose which is directly borrowed from Algonquin a native North American language An indirect borrowing is a word that is not a native word in the language it is being borrowed from Fromkin 2000 The word salamander is an example of this It was borrowed from Middle English which was borrowed from Middle French which in turn was borrowed from Greek Merriam-Websters Collegiate Dictionary 1993 There are a number of reasons why we borrow words or use borrowed words Here are some 1Mixing or close contact of two languages In the USA where there is a large Spanish population words like taco tortilla and siesta are commonly used by English speakers 2Being ruled by a foreign power When England was ruled by France the English language almost disappeared After the French were expelled and the English language began to grow it kept some of the French words eg toilet tour guard 3A need to express oneself clearer Sometimes its difficult to express the meaning of a foreign word without actually adopting it eg the
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