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Monkey poxThis topic might be unfamiliar to most people because it usually occurs inareas where healthcare resources are limited Orthopoxviruses commonlyknown as monkey pox is caused by a virus group variola VARV It is mostlyfound in West Africa mainly Congo Sierra Leon Liberia and Nigeria Thevirus was first spotted in monkeys but later was found to be transmitted tohumans According to world health organization WHO Human monkey pox wasfirst recognized in humans in 1970 in the Democratic Republic of CongoSince then the majority of cases have been reported in rural regions ofthe Congo Basin and western Africa particularly in the Democratic Republicof Congo Monkey pox is transmitted through ways that can easily beavoided it is transmitted through direct contact of body fluid of theanimal and through an animal bite It is also believed that it can betransferred from person to person through a long time close and directcontact with the infected patient some researches indicate that human tohuman transmission can reach up to five generations Monkey pox can bediagnosed in the laboratory by different detection tests including enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay ELISA antigen detection tests and polymerasechain reaction PCR assay and virus isolation by cell cultureSome of the symptoms of monkey pox on humans are similar to that ofsmallpox fever headache exhaustion swollen lymph nodes which is notcommon on smallpox and general feeling of discomfort is some of itEven though it is difficult to understand the natural ecology of monkey poxit can be stated that monkey pox virus is not widespread in the naturalenvironment and is perhaps localized in a limited area Monkey pox asstated above is not a common virus and therefore we shouldnt be concernedabout it but it sure helps to know ways of transmission and preventionPreventing monkey pox has not gone far from vaccinations Although thereare no drugs or vaccines available for monkey pox vaccination againstsmall pox has been proven to be effective against monkey pox Vaccines forpeople who are pre exposed to
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