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International capital markets demand financial statements that can be readily understood and compared irrespective of the country of origin of the companies concerned Investors and their advisers and financial analysts want financial statements that are comparable from country to country so that they can compare the financial statements of enterprises in various cities Instead they are often confused and even overwhelmed by the diversity of different national reporting requirements Several reasons exist for why there are differences in accounting standards among different countries Some of these include the complexity of accounting in individual countries the economic and legal framework of the countries themselves cultural differences among nations and from their historical developments amongst others Gottlieb 1996 We now have a global economy and it has affected the entire world For instance todays global corporation may have more than one headquarters and its production and distribution facilities are probably scattered throughout the world Commodity prices interest rates and currency exchange values have become internationally linked - with the result that governments around the world are increasingly supporting harmonisation of accounting practices and national policies Harmonisation is necessary because standard national financial statements are virtually useless financial markets in more regulated countries are threatened with a loss of market share and multinational corporations must prepare multiple reports for different nations they do business in Nobes Parker 2004 There is a need for harmonisation of accounting standards in order to help the foreign investor to understand the financial statements of the foreign companies whose shares they might want to buy Financial information is a form of language And if the language of financial information is to be put to use so that investment and credit decisions can more readily be taken it should not only be intelligible it should also be comparable Iqbal et al 1997 BENEFITS OF HARMONISATION OF ACCOUNTING STANDARDS The greatest benefit that would flow from harmonisation
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