scroll to top
Stuck on your essay?
Get ideas from this essay and see how your work stacks up
Word Count: 1,504
Many opinions exist regarding the origin of Great Britains expansion in the 1700s Many people believe that the expansion was a result of the pursuit of trade routes to foreign countries Others believe that it was driven by the patriotic hearts of British citizens volunteering for government jobs to better their country These theories while not totally devoid of logical thought and true fact are based on facts which in turn relied on the invention of an accurate clock The expansion of the British Empire in the 1700s relied more on the invention of an accurate clock than all the social economical and financial reasons combined The reason for this is simple For every 15 that one travels Eastward the local time moves one hour ahead Similarly travelling West the local time moves back one hour for every 15 of longitude Therefore if we know the local times at two points on Earth we can use the difference between them to calculate how far apart those places are in longitude East or West1 This idea was very important to sailors and navigators in the 17th Century They could measure the local time wherever they were by observing the Sun but navigation required that they also know the time at some reference point eg Greenwich in order to calculate their longitude Although accurate pendulum clocks existed in the 17th Century the motions of a ship and changes in humidity and temperature would prevent such a clock from keeping accurate time at sea2 Because of this Great Britains trade was confined to only those countries that could be reached by coastal sailing or sailing along the coast of a body of land This hampered Great Britains attempt to build a more powerful economy and it confined the British empire to expand only within the same parameters of its trading options Therefore the inability to calculate ones longitude at sea was a serious problem for Great Britain and
@Kibin is a lifesaver for my essay right now!!
- Sandra Slivka, student @ UC Berkeley
Wow, this is the best essay help I've ever received!
- Camvu Pham, student @ U of M
If I'd known about @Kibin in college, I would have gotten much more sleep
- Jen Soust, alumni @ UCLA