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Word Count: 507
Political power can simply be defined as the power to influence The power to influence is essentially the power to control When pertaining to political matters the most influential people in any form of government have the most power The underlying argument is between who has the most influence Is it the elite or the majority There are four theories of who truly governsThe first theory is clearly elitist Karl Marx has said that all government in any way shape or form is controlled by whichever class dominates the economy In all societies there is an economic struggle between two major classes Although the working class is the majority they have the least political power This is solely because they have less money than the bourgeoisie The bourgeoisie on the other hand dominate the working class economically simply because they own the factories where the working class work The theory also represents the government as a machine designed to favor to the dominant classes interest This is why a Marxist would believe that it is pointless to study a government because it has none of its own power It runs on whoever feeds it and in this case it is the bourgeoisieThe second theory is most similar to the first It states that the nongovernmental elite has the most political power This time when I mention elite it goes beyond the bourgeoisie This elite is composed of corporate leaders high ranking military officers and a small group of political leaders Other groups can be added such as the leaders of the media labor leaders and the heads of special interest groups Many more groups can be added but the basic underlying idea of this theory is that a very small group of high status officials not involved in government contain the majority of political powerThe third theory tends to sway from the first two theories It states that political power is concentrated within some of
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