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Why do shanty town develop in third world countries and can be done to cope with rapid shanty town growth and the poverty there inShanty towns have always been associated with todays third world countries and have never been a major part of European history Although poverty in towns and cities did exist and slums did develop there was never the kind of sprawling shanty towns now evident in most ELDCs This is because urbanisation has and is taking place at a much greater pace in third world cities than has ever been seen before Urbanisation is taking place so quickly that city authorities can not provide services for the masses of poor who now live in third world cities The poor have no choice but to build there own housing where and with what they can So it is rapid urbanisation that causes the development of shanty towns in ELDCs This poses the question why are ELDCs undergoing such rapid urbanisation when clearly there is by no means enough adequate housing for the population It would be wrong to assume that it is large-scale migration that causes such rapid urbanisation in fact in 1995 rural-urban migration accounted for only 37 of urban growth in ELDCs It is in fact that in 1995 natural increase accounted for 63 of urban growth in ELDCs In these third world cities the 2nd phase of the demographic transition model is very apparent With birth rate remaining high due to large numbers of young workers living in the cities but death rates fall because of better access to medical care These conditions result in a large natural increase with an exploding population and a very young one However having said that natural increase is the largest cause of urban growth this would not have been the case and the population have not been so large without considerable and ongoing rural-urban migrationRural-urban migration is the result of a certain number
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